This article, originally posted inmakes a point worth revisiting about the importance of school libraries and librarians.
Reading- ages 9 light gray13 dark grayand 17 black. Debate on the origins of the racial achievement gap[ edit ] Researchers have not reached consensus about the causes of the academic achievement gap ; instead, there exists a wide range of studies that cite an array of factors, both cultural and structural, that influence student performance in school.
Annette Lareau suggested that students who lack middle-class cultural capital and have limited parental involvement are likely to have lower academic achievement than their better resourced peers.
Researchers concerned with the achievement gap between genders cite biological differences, such as brain structure and development, as a possible reason why one gender outperforms the other in certain subjects.
For example, a Virginia Tech Study conducted in examined the brains of children and found that different areas of the brain develop write achievement test a different sequence in girls compared to boys.
Other researchers have argued that there is no significant difference in inherent cognitive ability between different races that could help to explain the achievement gap, and that environment is at the root of the issue.
While write achievement test differ depending on the instrument, estimates of the black-white gap range from slightly less than half a standard deviation to slightly more than 1 standard deviation.
Children who score poorly on tests of cognitive skills before starting kindergarten are highly likely to be low performers throughout their school careers. African American culture and family structure[ edit ] Further information: African American culture and African-American family structure The culture and environment in which children are raised may play a role in the achievement gap.
Jencks and Phillips argue that African American parents may not encourage early education in toddlers because they do not see the personal benefits of having exceptional academic skills.
Districts Offer Incentives To Curb Teacher Absences Several recent studies showing the negative impact of teacher absences on student achievement, plus rising substitute costs, have prompted some districts to offer teachers incentives to reduce the number of days they take off. But the great achievement of recent manufacture is the production, without the use of animal charcoal, of a cheaper, but good and wholesome article, in appearance equal to refined sugar for all intents and purposes, except for making preserves of fruits in the old-fashioned way. In , Tom Wolfe published two bestsellers on the same day: The Pump House Gang and The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, a nonfiction story which gave the hippie world of the s much of its philosophy and vocabulary. By Wolfe was a Latin American correspondent for the Washington vetconnexx.com earned the Newspaper Guild’s foreign news prize for his coverage of the Cuban revolution.
As a result of cultural differences, African American students tend to begin school with smaller vocabularies than their white classmates. The differences are qualitative as well as quantitative, with differences in "unique" words, complexity, and "conversational turns.
As a result, these children enter school with decreased word knowledge that can affect their language skills, influence their experience with books, and create different perceptions and expectations in the classroom context. Students from single-parent homes often find it difficult to find time to receive help from their parent.
Similarly, some Hispanic students have difficulty getting help with their homework because there is not an English speaker at home to offer assistance. Poverty, coupled with the environment they are raised in, can lead to shortcomings in educational achievement.
Despite strong standards and beliefs in education, Hispanic children consistently perform poorly, reflected by a low average of math and reading scores, as compared to other groups except African American.
The majority of Hispanic children are affected by immigration. It affects recent immigrants as well as the children of immigrants. A study explored the unique situation and stressors recent Latin American immigrants face. Hispanic students showed lower academic achievement, more absences, and more life stressors than their counterparts.
This can be problematic because children may not have parents who speak English at home to help with language acquisition. Immigration struggles can be used as a motivator for students. They immigrated and sacrificed their lives so their children can succeed, and this framework is salient in encouraging children to pursue their education.
Parents use their struggles and occupation to encourage a better life. For example, parental involvement in elementary school has been shown to lower high school dropout rates and improved on time completion of high school.
Many argue that standardized IQ tests and other testing procedures are culturally biased toward the knowledge and experiences of the European-American middle class. According to this theory, this produces test anxiety and keeps them from doing as well as they could on tests.
According to Steele, minority test takers experience anxiety, believing that if they do poorly on their test they will confirm the stereotypes about inferior intellectual performance of their minority group. As a result, a self-fulfilling prophecy begins, and the child performs at a level beneath his or her inherent abilities.
Wechsler Individual Achievement Test Wechsler Individual Achievement Test, 2 nd ed. (WIAT-II), The Psychological Corporation, The WIAT-II presents one item at a time without time limits, except for the Written Expression. Jun 13, · A study of 10, school districts shows how local norms help grow or shrink gender achievement gaps. Amy Tan was born in Oakland, California. She is the second of three children born to Chinese immigrants, John and Daisy Tan. When she was fifteen years old, her father and older brother Peter both died of brain tumors within six months of each other.
As some researchers point out, minority students may feel little motivation to do well in school because they do not believe it will pay off in the form of a better job or upward social mobility. Structural and institutional factors[ edit ] Different schools have different effects on similar students.
Children of color tend to be concentrated in low-achieving, highly segregated schools.Self-Esteem Test - Abridged 10 questions, 05 min. Do you believe in yourself? Do you give yourself the credit you deserve?
Self-esteem is an integral part of personal happiness, fulfilling relationships and achievement. In , Tom Wolfe published two bestsellers on the same day: The Pump House Gang and The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, a nonfiction story which gave the hippie world of the s much of its philosophy and vocabulary.
By Wolfe was a Latin American correspondent for the Washington vetconnexx.com earned the Newspaper Guild’s foreign news prize for his coverage of the Cuban revolution. The California Achievement Test (CAT) is one of the most widely used of the student assessments for basic academic skills.
The CAT provides educators, students and their parents with a measure of achievement and national comparison in reading, language, spelling, and mathematics.
Why is this component important?
Becoming skilled readers, writers, speakers, listeners, and thinkers requires ample opportunity for practice, authentic reasons for . Hear how Northcross Intermediate are using our latest teacher resource to inspire creativity.
Providing educators and students access to the highest quality practices and resources in reading and language arts instruction.