Founded in in the wake of the rebellions against Tughluq rule in the Deccan, the Hindu Vijayanagar empire lasted for more than two centuries as the dominant power in south India. In time Vijayanagar became the greatest empire of southern India. By serving as a barrier against invasion by the Muslim sultanates of the north, it fostered the reconstruction of Hindu life and administration after the disorders and disunities of the 12th and 13th centuries. Contact with the Muslims who were not personally disliked stimulated new thought and creative productivity.
They were believed to be from the city of Vanchi, identified with Kanchipuram of Tamil Nadu. It was well protected by the large swamp which surrounded the area.
The King upgraded the existing citadel and built a new royal palace. First he captured the Vanni and made its leaders loyal to him. Sapumal Kumaraya was the commander of the Kotte army at the time.
Tamil served as one of the court languages of the Kotte kingdom at this time. At its height, the Kingdom oversaw one of greatest eras of the Sinhalese literature. Byhowever, 10 years after the death of Parakramabahu VI, regional kingdoms became more powerful. Most notably a new Kingdom was founded in central hill-country of the island by Senasammatha Wickremabahu who successfully led a rebellion against the Kotte Kingdom in Rule from Kelaniya[ edit ] Parakramabahu IX of Kotte moved the capital to Kelaniya in and it stayed there until Once they learnt that they had arrived in Sri Lanka, they sailed to Colombo.
This was done in order to create the impression that the kingdom was too far inland to make invasion from the harbour feasible.
This plan was, however, spoilt by the fact that the Portuguese who remained with the ship fired the ship's cannon repeatedly, which sound was heard by the Portuguese party being taken to Kotte.
However, during this meeting Portuguese managed to secure a trade agreement with the Kotte king. The Kotte king Vijayabahu VII's three sons mutinied and killed their father dividing the kingdom among themselves. He also allowed his daughter's son, Prince Dharmapala, to be baptized as a Catholic by the Portuguese.
After Buvenekabahu had named Dharmapala as his heir, he was shot - supposedly by accident - by a Portuguese soldier. In capital of Kotte was abandoned by Dharmapala of Kotte due to frequent attacks from the Kingdom of Sitawaka led by Mayadunne and his son Rajasinghe I; he was taken into Colombo under Portuguese protection.
Military[ edit ] The military of the Kotte kingdom was closely associated with both its rise and demise. Poems written in this era give vivid accounts of the contemporary military. Before the arrival of the Portuguesethere are no signs of the use of fire arms in the kingdom.
The military consisted of four main departments, namely.Vijayanagar Empire.
The Vijayanagar empire emerged in fourteenth century India and lasted a fairly remarkable three hundred years. It was a formidable Hindu kingdom which ruled Andhra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and parts of Kerala in southern India. Vijayanagara (Sanskrit: "City of Victory") was the capital city of the historic Vijayanagara Empire.
Located on the banks of the Tungabhadra River, it spread over a large area and included the modern era Group of Monuments at Hampi site in Ballari district and others in and around that district in Karnataka, India. The administration of Vijayanagar Empire was centralized, elaborate and just.
Surprisingly the rulers of Vijayanagar Kindgom could not only keep the administration free from this military impact but also made it a liberal, perfect, tolerant and benevolent one.
Vijayanagar Empire. The Vijayanagar empire emerged in fourteenth century India and lasted a fairly remarkable three hundred years. It was a formidable Hindu kingdom which ruled Andhra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and parts of Kerala in southern India. IIS: A Vijaynagar kingdom of sports A acre facility in interior Karnataka is busy in the business of training future Indian sports champions.
Transcript of Decline of the Vijaynagar Empire Decline of the Vijaynagar Empire Why did the empire fall? The changes brought in the reign of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq contributed to the foundation of the Vijaynagar Empire.
The Vijaynagar kingdom was founded by Harihara and Bukka.