Introduction To write about the Populist movement of the late 19th century requires an understanding of a complex, popularly unknown watershed in American sociopolitical history. The irony, even reward in gaining this understanding is to discover that the demands of the Populists—and the Farmers Alliance, the parent organization that spawned the movement—were simple ones. In theory this sounds like little to ask of a democratic republic. Populism spread far beyond the borders of the American South, eventually finding fervent support in the Plains states and the Far West territories.
Frustrated farmers formed organizations to address such problems and ultimately turned to independent or third-party politics. In Arkansas, the third-party movement actually peaked between and under the guise of the Union Labor Party ULPwhich lasted fewer years than the Populist Party but won more support, unlike in other states.
This national organization provided members with social and educational benefits and promoted cooperative purchasing and selling enterprises. Inthe fading State Grange, although officially nonpartisan, gave its stamp of approval to the inflationary, soft-money platform of the Greenback Partywhich captured few political offices in Arkansas but did suggest the willingness of some farmers to support a third party.
Unlike the Grange, the next two groups to organize Arkansas farmers came from within the state: In Octoberthe Brothers and the Agricultural Wheel consolidated, retaining the name of the latter organization, and by Augustthe Wheel claimed some 55, members in Arkansas and had begun spreading into other states.
Inthe Wheel nominated a state ticket and three congressional candidates, with unofficial support from the Knights of Laborwhich claimed at least 2, members in the state at the time. These efforts also produced negligible results but laid the groundwork for more significant challenges to follow shortly.
Formed in Cincinnati, Ohio, in Februarythe ULP never amounted to much nationally, but it presented the Arkansas Democratic Party with its greatest challenge of the post-Reconstruction era.
The Arkansas ULP provided stiff opposition for Democrats in state and congressional elections inbuttressed by the lack of Republican nominees in the former and some of the latter.
ULP candidate Charles M. Norwood polled nearly forty-six percent of the vote in the gubernatorial election ofaccording to official returns. Norwood and his supporters, however, contended that Democrats had in fact robbed him of victory through fraud and violence, a charge with which historians have since concurred.
Initial returns showed a Democratic sweep in the congressional races, but two of these disputed elections were decided by the U. House of Representatives, which declared Union Laborite L.
Featherstone and the Wheel-supported Republican John M. Clayton never entered Congress, however: InULP state and congressional candidates again lost close contests that were marred by fraud and violence.
The Populists nominated J. The Populist state ticket finished third that year, and the party never elected either a state-wide officer or congressman in Arkansas. Afterit stopped trying. The Populist Legacy A small minority of Arkansas farm and labor leaders who had been Populists became active in the Socialist Party in the early twentieth century, including Populist gubernatorial candidate W.
Who Killed John Clayton? Political Violence and the Emergence of the New South, — Duke University Press, University of Missouri Press, Greenbackers, Knights of Labor, and Populists: University of Georgia Press, Arkansas and the New South, — University of Arkansas Press, Movement agitated for.
the Emergence A description of the sport of lacrosse which was established by north american indians of the Populist Party.
the importance of sat test to the educational system campaign in the late 19th-century U. By the late nineteenth century, were in firm political and economic control of the south until the rise of the Populist movement in the s.
Despite their remarkable progress and general prosperity, 19th-century U.S.
farmers experienced recurring cycles of hardship, caused primarily by falling world prices for cotton and wheat. Nov 18, · Best Answer: I wrote several papers on populism in Canada and some of my research involved looking to the United States for similarities.
First of all populism had been around for awhile in different forms and tended to 'morph' to Status: Resolved.
The People's Party (also known as the Populist Party or the Populists) was an agrarian-populist political party in the United States. For a few years, from to , it played a major role as a left-wing force in American politics.
Home» Articles» Farmers, the Populist Party, and Mississippi () the Populist Party, and Mississippi () By Kenneth G. McCarty. In the late 19th century, the Populist Party arose out of agrarian economic and political protest, was short lived, and passed into history.
Analyze the reasons for the emergence of the Populist movement in the late 19th century.