Sales forecasting Product Subsystem The product subsystem helps to plan the introduction of new products. Continually bringing new products to market is vital in today's competitive environment of rapid change.
Trebuchet Bows and arrows were often used by combatants. Egyptians shot arrows from chariots effectively. It helped to give the English a large early advantage in the Hundred Years' Wareven though the English were eventually defeated.
It dominated battlefields for over a century. The rise of gunpowder[ edit ] A small English Civil War -era cannon In the 10th century, the invention of gunpowder led to many new weapons that were improved over time. Black powder was used in China since the 4th century, but it was not used as a weapon until the 11th century.
Then came the matchlockwhich was used widely until around the s. Leonardo da Vinci made drawings of the wheel lock which made its own sparks.
Eventually, the matchlock was replaced by the flintlock. Cannons were first used in Europe in the early 14th century, and played a vital role in the Hundred Years' War. The first cannons were simply welded metal bars in the form of a cylinder, and the first cannonballs were made of stone.
Ships were filled with flammable materials, set on fire, and sent to enemy lines. This tactic was successfully used by Francis Drake to scatter the Spanish Armada at the Battle of Gravelines and would later be used by the Chinese, Russians, Greeks, and several other countries in naval battles.
Naval mines were invented in the 17th century, though they were not used in great numbers until the American Civil War. They were used heavily in the First and Second World Wars.
Air-deployed naval mines were used to mine the North Vietnamese port of Haiphong during the Vietnam War. However, the first military submarine was constructed in by Isaac Peral.
Robert Fulton then improved the submarine design by creating the Nautilus. The Howitzera type of field artillerywas developed in the 17th century to fire high trajectory explosive shells at targets that could not be reached by flat trajectory projectiles.
Organizational changes resulting in better training and intercommunication, made the concept combined arms possible, allowing the use of infantry, cavalry, and artillery in a coordinated way. Bayonet is named after BayonneFrance where it was first manufactured in the 16th century.
It is used often in infantry charges to fight in hand-to-hand combat. General Jean Martinet introduced the bayonet to the French army. They were used heavily in the American Civil Warand continued to be used in modern wars like the Invasion of Iraq.
Previously military scouts could only see from high points on the ground, or from the mast of a ship. Now they could be high in the sky, signalling to troops on the ground.
This made it much more difficult for troop movements to go unobserved. Rockets were generally inaccurate at that time, though William Haleinwas able to develop a better rocket.
The new rocket no longer needed the rocket stickand had a higher accuracy.Values: it’s Meaning, Characteristics, Types, Importance! Meaning: Generally, value has been taken to mean moral ideas, general conceptions or orientations towards the world or sometimes simply interests, attitudes, preferences, needs, sentiments and dispositions.
Military history is a humanities discipline within the scope of general historical recording of armed conflict in the history of humanity, and its impact on the societies, their cultures, economies and changing local and international relationships.
Logistics and Supply Chain Information Systems - PowerPoint PPT Presentation Business Processes in Logistics and Supply Chain Management The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "Logistics and Supply Chain Information Systems" is the . Without a doubt, logistics and supply chain management will continue to grow in importance as companies continue to pursue outsourcing, expand their international operations, and do business in a global economic environment.
The Logistics Institute was created in by consolidating the wide range of logistics-related research and education efforts that have helped the School of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Georgia Tech establish its number one ranking among all universities.
Emergency logistics (or Humanitarian Logistics) is a term used by the logistics, supply chain, and manufacturing industries to denote specific time-critical modes of transport used to move goods or objects rapidly in the event of an emergency.