See Article History Alternative Title: The Northern-built Merrimack, a conventional steam frigate, had been salvaged by the Confederates from the Norfolk navy yard and rechristened the Virginia. With her upper hull cut away and armoured with iron, this foot Thus the stage was set for the dramatic naval battle of March 9, with crowds of Union and Confederate supporters watching from the decks of nearby vessels and the shores on either side.
Up until that point, all naval battles had been waged between wooden ships. This was the first battle in maritime history that two ironclad ships waged war.
To prevent the Confederate Navy from using the ship against them, the Union Navy scuttled her. The Confederates, however, raised the ship from the shallow floor of the harbor and began making some major modifications. Confederate engineers cut the hull down to the water line and built a slanted top.
From there, they bolted four layers of iron sheets, each two inches thick, to the entire structure. Also added was a huge battering ram to the bow of the ship to be used in ramming maneuvers. The ship was then fitted with ten twelve-pound cannons.
There were four guns each placed on the starboard and port sides, and one each on the bow and stern sides. Due to its massive size and weight the ship's draft was enormous. It stretched twenty-two feet to the bottom. The ship was so slow and long, that it required a turning radius of about one mile.
Likened to a "floating barn roof" Williamsit was not expected to stay afloat.
The only individual willing to take command of the ship was Captain Franklin Buchanan. The ship was considered small for a warship, only feet long and 42 feet wide Williams. The ship baffled Confederate sailors. One was quoted describing her as "a craft such as the eyes of a seaman never looked upon before, an immense shingle floating on the water with a giant cheese box rising from its center" Johnson.
The "cheese box" was a nine by twenty foot revolving turret with two massive guns inside. These Dahlgran guns were massive rifled cannons that were capable of firing a variety of shot.
The armor of this ship was a two-inch thick layer of steel that shielded the ship. The deck was so low to the water line about 18 inches that waves frequently washed over the deck causing the ship to lose its balance in the water.
Due to the low profile, the entire crew was located below the water line. As a result, one armor-piercing hit could kill the entire crew. There were a total of five ships engaged in the battle.
Captain Buchanan then set his sights on the already handicapped USS Minnesota, which had already been run aground. Buchanan was unaware that Lt. Worden and the USS Monitor were lying in wait. With orders to protect the wounded USS Minnesota.
Worden steamed out into the middle of the bay to meet the CSS Virginia.The March battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) during the American Civil War was history’s first duel between ironclad Find this Pin and more on stories by Shawn Faith.
The battle of Hampton Roads was also known as the battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack. The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies.
An Eye-witness Account of the Battle between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) on March 9th (Lieutenant Samuel Dana Green, USN) I triced up the port, run the gun out, and fired the first gun, and thus commenced the great battle between the” Monitor” and the” Merrimac“.
Now mark the condition our men. The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of vetconnexx.com: March 8, – March 9, Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, also called Battle of Hampton Roads, (March 9, ), in the American Civil War, naval engagement at Hampton Roads, Virginia, a harbour at the mouth of the James River, notable as history’s first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of.
Watch video · The March 9, , battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) during the American Civil War () was history’s first duel between ironclad warships.