More Essay Examples on Socialism Rubric The Labour party from its inception was a socialist party formed by the trade unions with a commitment to creating a more socially equal society through the even redistribution of wealth and common ownership. However New Labour distanced its political agenda away from the core values of socialism and proposed responsible capitalism and relative social equality, this is a stark retreat from traditional socialism. The defining values of traditional socialism have been discarded by New Labour, the present version of clause IV does not oppose capitalism nor propose a class-less state. On the other hand, the different factions of socialism do in some forms subscribe to the core values of the ideology.
The communist manifesto ofwritten by Marx and his colleague Frederick Engels cited guidelines Labour party to socialism essay the emancipation of the proletariat through non-violent means, i.
Socialist sceptics such as Edward F. Adams, have accused Marx of creating theories such as that of surplus value purely to reinforce his argument and the general popular feeling of his time that socialism is scientifically the better political philosophy: Socialism is therefore not based on reason but emotion; not on reflection but desire; it is not scientific, but popular.
The Communist approach to socialism, as adopted by Stalinist Russia, believed socialism could only be achieved through violent revolution and totalitarian dictatorship. Almost two thirds of the worlds population lived in communist areas, these included the former Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, China; the south-east Asian nations of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam; the African nations of Angola and Mozambique; and the Latin American nations of Cuba and Nicaragua.
Western European nations along with the U. Soviet Union's blockade of Berlin, many nations of Western Europe began to fear the communist nation. So in response to this, ten Truman Doctrine was to contain Soviet influence in all non-communist countries resisting takeover.
Although Congress agreed to this doctrine, Today only China, North Korea and Cuba practice under a communist rule.
It is therefore appropriate to say the communist approach to achieving socialism has proven somewhat unsuccessful. Communist countries tend to be characterised by stagnation and a lack of innovation, this can be attributed directly to the public ownership and state control over factors of production land, labour and capital.
Businesses have little competition and often act as a monopoly in a communist country. Industry only has the task of producing a quota and cannot go out of business as they are government funded; meaning no incentive to produce goods to a high standard or keep costs down. This gives berth to inefficiency.
Employment is often secure in a communist country as policies towards international trade and foreign competition are minimal as governments seek self-sufficiency. As communist countries pursue self-sufficiency, they do not benefit from new technology products innovated abroad meaning economic growth is stunted and lags behind that of a capitalist competitor.
The USSR is now a collection of fifteen republics, most of which are structured as democracies. Another influential philosopher of covenanted government was Thomas A majority of the governments around the world were monarchies.
As far as our country is concerned, the pilgrims were Social Democracy is also in retreat, although not as extensively as communism.
The most prominent social democratic countries over the past twenty years have been Great Britain, France, Germany, Norway, Spain and Sweden. As this led to great inefficiency, the Conservative government decided to privatize these industries.
Since Labour have been back in power and supported this move of privatisation on the grounds that business is more productive, output is greater, costs have dramatically fallen for the consumer and government spending has reduced, freeing up capital for more needy alternatives.
Socialism can also be opposed on the grounds that it caters for the preservation of the weak where in a capitalist society they would be killed off naturally by their inability to survive.
Competitive society tends to the death of the weakest, socialistic society would tend to the preservation of the weak. Thomas Robert Malthus cited: Population when unchecked increases in a geometrical ratio. Subsistence increases only in an arithmetical ratio. A slight acquaintance with numbers will show the immensity of the first power in comparison with the second.
Before the outbreak of war insocialism within the labour party was mainly based on affiliations through the trade unions, numbering nearly two million and socialist societies numbering some 30,members.
In the trade unions were in a much stronger position than before the war.To What Extent Is Labour Still A Socialist Party? Socialism, as it is understood in Britain, is a political ideology whereby all people are considered fundamentally equal, the means of production are nationalised, and a mass redistribution of wealth is desired in order to uphold social justice and.
‘Explain the ideas and policies which link the modern Labour Party to socialism’. (10 marks) Socialism is the economic system based on cooperation rather than competition of businesses which utilizes centralized planning and redistribution of wealth. Many consider "New" Labour to be operating under a deceptive title due to the fact that the party has abandoned so many of the principles traditionally associated with Labour policies.
The foundation of the long-established socialist principles, which formed the basis of "old" Labour policies, was clause IV of the Labour constitution. The Labour party was founded on the principles of social democracy, which is a traditionally centre left ideology.
It has been Britain’s major democratic socialist party since the 20th century and since then has been committed on basing its ideologies on advancement for the working class. Socialism was founded in if the modern day Labour party had the same ideologies as those of the original socialist politicians then it would be considered a far right party in today’s political spectrum.
Socialism came as a countering force against the injustice and incompetence of capitalism, which involved exploitation of peasants and workers by those who own the instruments of production.
The advocates of Socialism regard the State as the instrument .