Sierra Leone has seen serious and grotesque human rights violations since when the civil war erupted. According to Human Rights Watch, over 50, people have been killed to date, with over one million people having been displaced.
History of children in the military History is filled with children who have been trained and used for combat, assigned to support roles such as porters or messengers, used as sex slaves, or recruited for tactical Child soldiering as human shields or for political advantage in propaganda.
In the United Nations identified 14 countries where children were widely used by such groups: Singer of the Brookings Institution estimated that child soldiers participate in about three-quarters of ongoing conflicts. Peter Singer has suggested that the global proliferation of light automatic weapons, which children can easily handle, has made the use of children as direct combatants more viable.
In a study of children in military organisations around the world, Rachel Brett and Irma Specht pointed to a complex of factors that incentivise enlisting, particularly: I joined because my parents lacked food and I had no school Once somebody stepped on a mine in Child soldiering of me—he was wounded and died I was with the radio at the time, about 60 metres away.
I was sitting in my hammock and saw him die I see young children in every unit Lawyers and relatives are frequently banned from any court hearing.
Military academics in the US have characterised military training at all ages as "intense indoctrination" in conditions of sustained stress, the primary purpose of which is to establish the unconditional and immediate obedience of recruits. Military settings are also characterised by elevated rates of bullying and sexual harassment.
Specifically, evidence from Germany,  the UK    and the US    has shown that recruiters disproportionately target children from poorer backgrounds using marketing that omits the risks and restrictions of military life.
Some academics have argued that marketing of this kind capitalises on the psychological susceptibility in mid-adolescence to emotionally-driven decision-making.
Convention on the Rights of the Child and Free Children from War conference The Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as any person under the age of The Paris Principles define a child associated with an armed force or group as: The document is approved by the United Nations General Assembly.
It does not only refer to a child who is taking or has taken a direct part in hostilities. This is now recognised as a war crime. In addition, OPAC forbids non-state armed groups from recruiting children under any circumstances, although the legal force of this is uncertain.
Most African states have ratified the Charter. In recruiting among those persons who have attained the age of fifteen years but who have not attained the age of eighteen years, the Parties to the conflict shall endeavor to give priority to those who are oldest.
The International Committee of the Red Cross had proposed that the Parties to the conflict should "take all necessary measures", which became in the final text, "take all feasible measures", which is not a total prohibition because feasible is understood as meaning "capable of being done, accomplished or carried out, possible or practicable".
Rehabilitation and reintegration of child soldiers OPAC requires governments to demobilise children within their jurisdiction who have been recruited or used in hostilities and to provide assistance for their physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration.
To accommodate the proper disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of former members of armed groups, the United Nations started the Integrated DDR Standards in War crime Opinion is currently divided over whether children should be prosecuted for war crimes. Sierra Leone[ edit ] Main article:Most child casualties are civilians.
But one of the most deplorable developments in recent years has been the increasing use of young children as soldiers. In one sense, this is not really new. For centuries children have been involved in military campaigns—as child ratings on warships, or as.
Sep 06, · Thousands of children are serving as soldiers in armed conflicts around the world. These boys and girls, some as young as 8 years old, serve in government forces and armed opposition groups.
The Office of Website Management, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein. This publication is now vetconnexx.com can be done to help child soldiers?Most experts agree that without focused intervention aimed at reintegrating .
Part of a series on: Child soldiers; Main articles; Child soldiers; History of child soldiers; Impact; Rehabilitation and reintegration; Issues; Child abduction; Child sexual abuse. Hundreds of thousands of child combatants fought in recent civil wars in Africa, yet little is known about the long-term impact of child soldiering.
Using data collected in Uganda, this paper from the Households in Conflict Network (HiCN), finds that, contrary to existing evidence, that the major consequences of child soldiering are educational and economic.