Print Overview Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words decoding. Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language. People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and usually have normal vision.
Preparing for an appointment Overview Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words decoding.
Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language. People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and usually have normal vision. Most children with dyslexia can succeed in school with tutoring or a specialized education program.
Emotional support also plays an important role.
Symptoms Signs of dyslexia can be difficult to recognize before your child enters school, but some early clues may indicate a problem. Severity varies, but the condition often becomes apparent as a child starts learning to read.
Before school Signs that a young child may be at risk of dyslexia include: Late talking Learning new words slowly Problems forming words correctly, such as reversing sounds in words or confusing words that sound alike Problems remembering or naming letters, numbers and colors Difficulty learning nursery rhymes or playing rhyming games School age Once your child is in school, dyslexia signs and symptoms may become more apparent, including: Reading well below the expected level for age Problems processing and understanding what he or she hears Difficulty finding the right word or forming answers to questions Problems remembering the sequence of things Difficulty seeing and occasionally hearing similarities and differences in letters and words Inability to sound out the pronunciation of an unfamiliar word Difficulty spelling Spending an unusually long time completing tasks that involve reading or writing Avoiding activities that involve reading Teens and adults Dyslexia signs in teens and adults are similar to those in children.
Some common dyslexia signs and symptoms in teens and adults include: When dyslexia goes undiagnosed and untreated, childhood reading difficulties continue into adulthood.
Causes Dyslexia tends to run in families. It appears to be linked to certain genes that affect how the brain processes reading and language, as well as risk factors in the environment. Risk factors A family history of dyslexia or other learning disabilities Premature birth or low birth weight Exposure during pregnancy to nicotine, drugs, alcohol or infection that may alter brain development in the fetus Individual differences in the parts of the brain that enable reading Complications Dyslexia can lead to a number of problems, including: Because reading is a skill basic to most other school subjects, a child with dyslexia is at a disadvantage in most classes and may have trouble keeping up with peers.
Left untreated, dyslexia may lead to low self-esteem, behavior problems, anxiety, aggression, and withdrawal from friends, parents and teachers. The inability to read and comprehend can prevent a child from reaching his or her potential as the child grows up.
This can have long-term educational, social and economic consequences. ADHD can cause difficulty sustaining attention as well as hyperactivity and impulsive behavior, which can make dyslexia harder to treat. A number of factors are considered, such as: The doctor will likely ask you questions about these areas and want to know about any conditions that run in the family, including whether any family members have a learning disability.
The doctor may ask for a description of your family and home life, including who lives at home and whether there are any problems at home. The doctor may have your child, family members or teachers answer written questions. Your child may be asked to take tests to identify reading and language abilities.
Vision, hearing and brain neurological tests. Testing reading and other academic skills. Your child may take a set of educational tests and have the process and quality of reading skills analyzed by a reading expert.Dyslexia is the most common learning disability and occurs in all areas of the world.
It affects 3–7% of the population, however, up to 20% may have some degree of symptoms. While dyslexia is more often diagnosed in men, it has been suggested that it affects men and women equally.
Answer: There is no cure for dyslexia: d yslexia is not a disease, and it is not the result of a brain injury or defect. Dyslexic people think primarily in pictures, not words, and have difficulty learning to work with symbols such as letters or numerals.
Dyslexia is a common disorder found in children and will last a lifetime. The symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe. Early detection will be beneficial to patient so that doctors and families can provide the proper interventions that will ultimately improve their skills, making it more convenient to learn and cope with classes.
Overview Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding). Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language.
Dyslexia impacts people in varying degrees, so symptoms may differ from one child to another. Generally, symptoms show up as problems with accuracy and fluency in reading and spelling. But in some kids, dyslexia can impact writing, math and language, too.
A key sign of dyslexia in kids is trouble decoding words. This is the ability to match letters to sounds and then use that skill to read words .
In the majority of the cases, the problem is resolved as the child grows up. But in many other cases, the problem persists and leads to some major problems in future. The medical name for this learning disorder is “Dyslexia”.
According to the reports of the Dyslexia International, the incidence rate of .