Who hasn't felt depression?
Globally, more than million people of all ages suffer from depression. Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease.
More women are affected by depression than men. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide. There are effective psychological and pharmacological treatments for depression.
Overview Depression is a common illness worldwide, with more than million people affected. Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become a serious health condition.
It can cause the affected person to suffer greatly and function poorly at work, at school and in the family. Close to people die due to suicide every year. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in year-olds.
Barriers to effective care include a lack of resources, lack of trained health-care providers, and social stigma associated with mental disorders. Another barrier to effective care is inaccurate assessment.
W ho hasn't felt depression?. The amazing thing is many of us ignore it, don't recognize it, and just keep plodding forward with no inkling of the sadness within ourselves. Learn about the typical signs symptoms of depression, which can generally help in identifying and diagnosing the condition, although the warning signs may vary for different groups of people. Endogenous depression can be defined as a form of depression where there is no visible cause that triggers an episode of depression. As the name suggests, this form of depression is a result of genetic or biological factors.
In countries of all income levels, people who are depressed are often not correctly diagnosed, and others who do not have the disorder are too often misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants.
The burden of depression and other mental health conditions is on the rise globally. A World Health Assembly resolution passed in May has called for a comprehensive, coordinated response to mental disorders at country level. Types and symptoms Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive episode can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe.
A key distinction is also made between depression in people who have or do not have a history of manic episodes. Both types of depression can be chronic i.
During these episodes, the person experiences depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, and reduced energy leading to diminished activity for at least two weeks.
Many people with depression also suffer from anxiety symptoms, disturbed sleep and appetite and may have feelings of guilt or low self-worth, poor concentration and even medically unexplained symptoms. Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive episode can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe.
An individual with a mild depressive episode will have some difficulty in continuing with ordinary work and social activities, but will probably not cease to function completely.
During a severe depressive episode, it is very unlikely that the sufferer will be able to continue with social, work, or domestic activities, except to a very limited extent.
Manic episodes involve elevated or irritable mood, over-activity, pressure of speech, inflated self-esteem and a decreased need for sleep. Contributing factors and prevention Depression results from a complex interaction of social, psychological and biological factors.
People who have gone through adverse life events unemployment, bereavement, psychological trauma are more likely to develop depression. There are interrelationships between depression and physical health.
For example, cardiovascular disease can lead to depression and vice versa. Prevention programmes have been shown to reduce depression. Effective community approaches to prevent depression include school-based programmes to enhance a pattern of positive thinking in children and adolescents.
Interventions for parents of children with behavioural problems may reduce parental depressive symptoms and improve outcomes for their children. Exercise programmes for the elderly can also be effective in depression prevention. Diagnosis and treatment There are effective treatments for moderate and severe depression.
Health-care providers may offer psychological treatments such as behavioural activation, cognitive behavioural therapy [CBT], and interpersonal psychotherapy [IPT] or antidepressant medication such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [SSRIs] and tricyclic antidepressants [TCAs].
Psychosocial treatments are also effective for mild depression. Antidepressants can be an effective form of treatment for moderate-severe depression but are not the first line of treatment for cases of mild depression. They should not be used for treating depression in children and are not the first line of treatment in adolescents, among whom they should be used with extra caution.
The Programme aims to help countries increase services for people with mental, neurological and substance use disorders, through care provided by health workers who are not specialists in mental health. WHO, among other agencies, has developed brief psychological intervention manuals for depression that may be delivered by lay workers.
An example is, Problem Management Plus, which describes the use of behavioural activation, relaxation training, problem solving treatment and strengthening social support.
Finally, Thinking Healthy covers the use of cognitive-behavioural therapy for perinatal depression.Major Depressive Disorder. Major depressive disorder is also known as major depression, clinical depression, or unipolar depression.
The term unipolar refers to the presence of one pole, or one extreme of mood- depressed mood. This may be compared with bipolar depression which has the two poles of depressed mood and mania (i.e., euphoria, heightened emotion and activity). Depression and anxiety affects us all differently, but you can find your own way to a better place.
You can learn what is happening to you and how you can get help for anxiety or depression. WebMD explains various types of depression and their treatments. The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the s, beginning in the United vetconnexx.com timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in and lasted until the lates.
It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is.
Key facts. Depression is a common mental disorder. Globally, more than million people of all ages suffer from depression.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease. Learn All About Depression: General info, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication, etc.
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